“Between June and September, flooding affected over 258,000 people and reached 39 of the country’s 79 counties. Flooding over the same period in 2011 affected close to 79,000 people and 16 counties,” said the report.
“The impact of the floods this year has been more severe than last year, with Jonglei the worst affected state. Flooding has impacted over 201,000 people in Jonglei,” added the report.
So far flooding across the country has resulted in significant displacement of the population and the destruction of houses, crops and basic infrastructure, particularly roads.
According to the Inter-agency assessment, the reported heavy rains causing flooding may be linked to a mild-to-moderate El Nino, expected to affect the region from September to December.
El Niño is a climate pattern that causes extreme weather such as floods and droughts, explained the UN.
In an exclusive humanitarian event, the report reveals that insecurity persists in South Sudan’s Jonglei State with tensions remaining high in areas where rebel activities of David Yau Yau are actively taking place.
Fighting is still raging between the Sudan People’s Liberation Army (SPLA) in nearby Gumuruk town of Jonglei State with most civilians reportedly having fled across the Gumuruk River from the violence.
While fighting has not yet spread to Pibor town, civilians were reported to be leaving the town due to the possibility of military confrontation between the SPLA and the militia group.
The only NGO-run medical facilities in Likuangole and Gumuruk villages according to the report have been suspended due to the insecurity leaving up to 90,000 people deprived of essential medical assistance.
All international NGO staff remained relocated from Pibor town since last week due to the increased insecurity and flooding.
Humanitarian organizations are monitoring the situation to assess when it is safe to return.
The United Nations Refugee Agency and the World Food Program last month described the humanitarian situation in South Sudan “alarming” warning the situation is likely to increase after event rains stop dropping.
The agencies said unless civil war between Sudan and SPLM-N stop, more refugees are expected to arrive in South Sudan in addition to nearly 200,000 displaced ones from Blue Nile and Southern Kordofan states as a result of the war.