Labour Force SurveyJuly 2009

Following little change in June, employment declined by 45,000 in July, with losses in both full- and part-time work. The unemployment rate remained unchanged at 8.6%, as fewer people participated in the labour market.

Employment in July fell among young people aged 15 to 24 and women aged 25 to 54. Since the peak in October 2008, employment has dropped 414,000, predominantly among youths (-205,000) and men aged 25 to 54 (-201,000).

While most of July’s employment losses were in Quebec, there were also losses in Saskatchewan, as well as in Newfoundland and Labrador. Employment was little changed in all other provinces.

The downward trend among private sector employees persisted in July, with large losses for this group partially offset by continued gains in self-employment.

Employment in July fell in accommodation and food services and construction while there were increases in retail and wholesale trade.

Since October, total employment has fallen by 2.4%, all in full-time work, with the vast majority of employment losses in manufacturing; construction; and transportation and warehousing. During the same period, the unemployment rate increased 2.3 percentage points to 8.6%, the highest rate in 11 years.

Average hourly wages were up 3.4% from July 2008, similar to the year-over-year increases of the previous two months.

Quebec lost ground in July

Employment in Ontario edged up in July as continued declines in construction were more than offset by gains in the services sector. In July, the unemployment rate was 9.3%, a 0.3 percentage point decline from the previous month.

Since the start of the labour market downturn last fall, employment has decreased by 2.4% at the national level, with the largest rates of decline in Ontario (-3.3%), Newfoundland and Labrador (-2.8%), British Columbia (-2.7%) and Alberta (-2.4%).

Continuing losses among private sector employees
Employment among private sector employees fell by 75,000 in July, bringing total losses since October to 436,000.

The number of self-employed increased by 35,000 in July. Since October, self-employment has risen by 75,000, mostly in finance, insurance, real estate and leasing; professional, scientific and technical services; and “other services.”

Employment fell by 22,000 in accommodation and food services in July, while retail and wholesale trade was up by 24,000.

After three months of little change, construction employment decreased by 18,000 in July, bringing total losses since October to 120,000 (-9.6%). Employment in manufacturing was little changed in July. Since October 2008, manufacturing employment has dropped by 218,000 or 11.1%.

Difficult summer for youths, particularly students
July’s employment declines were among youths (-38,000) and women aged 25 to 54 (-23,000). Since October, employment has fallen the most for youths (-205,000) and men aged 25 to 54 (-201,000). Over the same period, workers aged 55 and over had employment increases of 90,000.

You can find more details of this release at:

For further information or to schedule interviews with a Statistics Canada Analyst regarding this release please contact: Jey Dharmaraj, at: (416) 954-5976 or

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