In a landmark ruling by The Federal Court of Appeal, it has upheld a previous decision from last year which stated that Ottawa is constitutionally responsible for the 400,000 Métis in Canada as a distinct aboriginal group. However, the ruling overturned a similar decision about non-status Indians. Quite expectedly, the appeal court decision announced on Thursday will be appealed to the Supreme Court.
However, in case the decision is ultimately upheld again, it will leave the government with no other option but to negotiate with the Metis on outstanding rights claims and other potential benefits almost the same way as it does with the First Nations and the Inuit. The lawyer for the counsel for Manitoba Métis Federation, Jason Madden, mentioned in a statement that “this is a huge win for the Métis.” He added that “it answers one of the key questions which has been one of the obstacles put in front of them, whether it is dealing with their rights, claims, programs and services available for them. Now it is unquestionable that the federal government has primary responsibility to deal with the Métis.”
In addition to that, the appeal court also deduced that if non-status Indians are to be treated as Canada’s aboriginal people, they are to be included with the Indians. Hence, even if the government will have to ultimately negotiate with them as they do with members of the First Nations, there is still considerable ambiguity regarding whether non-status Indians are entitled to the same rights and benefits as status Indians.
Most Metis I know look more European than Native Indian. Unless the services Metis will get as “Indians” are provcomment_IDed to all citizens, this policy is racist — unless the intent is to gradually provcomment_IDe all Canadians the same benefit.
Meanwhile, here’s an interesting story on how to treat everybody:
In France, legislation was passed to help employees keep work at work. Sweden is testing the six-hour workday. But in the United States, employees are working more hours than most other industrialized nations.
At Treehouse, a Florcomment_IDa-based online education company, employees work four days, 32 hours per week.
Here are Treehouse’s secrets:
1. Do away with internal comment_content_author_email, completely
Does that mean Treehouse’s 70-plus employees never communicate? Of course not. Internal communication is just given its own platform. Carson suggests a Reddit-clone — his company uses a tool called Convoy, there are others too — for less pressing communication.
The benefit? Employees can engage Convoy when they have time. comment_content_author_email, on the other hand, treats a discussion of post-work happy hour options the same as a thread discussing an on-deadline project.
2. Keep (almost) all communication in written form
That means drastically reducing the number of internal meetings and phone calls. Carson estimates that 95 percent of communication within the company is written.
The benefit? Instead of being interrupted by a meeting when you’re on a productivity high, you can respond when you need a break from a project or whenever it’s convenient.
3. Eliminate the managerial structure
While it may seem like a dramatic shift in the traditional business structure, the no-manager structure — or Holacracy — is being adopted by some major companies, like Zappos. At Treehouse, the thinking is this: “We treat our employees like the responsible adults they are. We let people set their own priorities and communicate when it’s most convenient for them.
Increasing efficiency and giving time back to employees, and has an advantage in attracting talent, the company experiences less turnover, and has a happier group of employees. This is especially important with IT workers who are especially prone to burnout.
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