Elections for two-year terms from January 1, 2012, to December 31, 2013 — on the Security Council are held on the basis of regional ballots. Pakistan and Kyrgyzstan are in contention for a single seat available to the Asia-Pacific group.
Since gaining independence from Britain in 1947, India and Pakistan have been embroiled in three wars. India joined the council this year and will stay through 2012.The last time the two nuclear-armed states served together on the council was in 1977. UN diplomats said they do not expect any regional apprehension if Pakistan joins.
Pakistan, a UN member state since 1947, has already served six terms on the council. Kyrgyzstan, which joined the United Nations in 1992, has never been on the council. Both countries have been criticized by human rights advocates for rights abuses. Kyrgyzstan was embroiled in a major civil conflict last year.
There are five veto-holding permanent members of the Security Council — the United States, Britain, France, Russia and China – and 10 temporary elected members without vetoes.
Article Viewed on Oye! Times @ www.oyetimes.com