The United States is not the only country dealing with the issue of birthright citizenship. In 2010 The Dominican Republic adopted a new constitution which ended universal birthright citizenship.
Last year, Dominican Congress passed a law (see the Spanish text here) establishing a regularization process for Dominican-born children of Haitian illegal immigrants, allowing them to register as foreigners, and then after two years apply for naturalization. (There's also a separate amnesty underway for illegal immigrants born in Haiti.) However, many face the possibility of deportation due to a failure to register by the deadline set by Congress.
There are significant differences between the U.S. and Dominican debates over birthright citizenship. Despite claims to the contrary, the debate over birthright citizenship in the United States is about prospective changes – i.e., changing the citizenship procedures for the future, rather than revoking citizenship already granted, as in the Dominican Republic. What's more, while more than half the illegal population in the U.S. is from Mexico, there's more diversity than in the Dominican Republic, where virtually all those affected by the new citizenship rules are Haitian.
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