Nankana Sahib formerly known as ‘Rai-Bhoi-Di-Talwandi’. This city is situated in the province of Punjab,Pakistan. Located at the south west of Lahore. Nankana Sahib is the most sacred Sikh place and the place where the sikh founder Guru Nanik was born. It is a popular place for Sikhs from all over the world.
The town was called Rai Bhoe’s Talwandi and was also referred to as Raipur. Rai Bular Bhatti was the ruler of this area and Baba Nanak’s father was Rai Bular’semployee. Rai Bular gifted approx. 20,000 acres (81 km2) of land all around the city of Talwandi to Guru Nanak and the town began to be called Nankana Sahib.
The town currently has nine gurdwaras including the Gurdwara Janam Asthan which marks the birth place of Guru Nanak Dev. Each of the gurdwaras is related with important events in Guru Nanak’s life.
2. Gurdwara Dera Sahib Panjvin Patshahi:
Gurudwara Dera Sahib Panjvin Patshahi – Shrine of Guru Arjan Dev (1563- 1606 A.D) is situated opposite Lahore Fort near Badshahi Mosque. This is the place where Sat Gur Arjun Dev Ji was martyred in the River Ravi facing the tortures inflicted by Chandu on 30th May 1606 AD. The domes were gold-plated. Floors were cemented. The front of Gurdwara is built in marble.
The Gurudwara was built by Maharaja Ranjit Singh in the memory of Guru Arjan Dev, the fifth Sikh Guru who compiled the Adi Granth, the principal part of Sikh scriptures. This shrine has a highly gilded attractive dome.
The followers of Guru Arjan Singh assert that it is the same spot where Guru Arjan Dev miraculously disappeared in 1606 A.D. in the waters of river Ravi. The site where Guru Arjun Dev was martyred a Thara (platform) Sahib was built at by Guru Hargobind Ji in Samvat 1919 when he came to Lahore visiting Gur Asthans.
3. Samadhi of Ranjit Singh:
The Samadhi of Ranjit Singh is the mausoleum of the Sikh ruler Maharaja Ranjit Singh and is located near the Lahore Fort and Badshahi Mosque, Pakistan. This building was built in 1848 A.D by Kharak Singh son of Ranjit Singh.
The tomb exemplifies Sikh architecture, it is gilded fluted domes and cupolas and an ornate balustrade round the top. The square roof with a central fluted dome is crowded around with Naga hood designs. Ranjit Singh’s ashes are kept in a lotus shaped marble urn, sheltered under a marble pavilion inlaid with pietra dura, in the centre of the tomb.
4. Shrine of Guru Arjan Dev:
He was born in Goindval, Punjab the youngest son of the family. It is the fifth Sikh Guru who compiled the Adi Granth, the principal part of Sikh scriptures. This shrine has highly gilded eye-catching dome and the followers of Guru Arjan Singh assert that it is the same spot where Guru Arjan Dev astonishingly disappeared in in the waters of river Ravi (1606 A.D).
5. Hasan Abdal & Gurdwara Panja Sahib:
Hasan Abdal is 48 km from Rawalpindi. It is a beautiful quiet place on G.T. Road enroute to Peshawar or Abbottabad. It was founded by Emperor Jehangir in his memoirs. This place was frequently visited by successive Mughal Kings, on their way to Kashmir.
Various religious groups through the ages have been visiting the Sikh Gurdwara (temple) also known as Panja Sahib. The Panja Sahib having a scared rock with the hand print of their religious leader, Guru Nanak.
Just opposite the eastern gate of Gurudwara Panja Sahib, there is a small mosque and ‘Chilla Gah’ (meditation cell) of Baba Wali Qandhari. Adjacent to the pond is a building called Maqbara Hakeeman.
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