Sudanese Troops Still Occupy Western Bahr El Ghazal Territory

This article was last updated on May 25, 2022

Abdelmukarum who recently visited Raga County said that the Sudanese troops are still occupying Kafia Kangi, Kpadipi, Horfa el Nhasa, Songo and Enrodon areas which are on South Sudan territory in accordance to 1/1/1956 borders.

‘‘However the Sudan and South Sudan have last September signed a marathon cooperation agreements which include border and security agreements in Ethiopian Capital Addis Ababa, the Sudanese armed forces are daily amassing their troops along side of Kafia Kangi, Balbala and some parts of South Sudan in Raga County but now confirmation of any attack they carried out,” Abdelmukarum said.

He said that during the visit to Raga has he witnessed that the residents lack clean drinking water, medications and the harvest has been badly affected by the weather since the SAF prevented the agriculture activities in the areas through aerial bombardments during the rainy season.

The area is also affected mostly due to poor road and communication networks.

Abdelmukarum said that the presence of Sudanese troops in the area did not reflect the recent signed cooperation agreements that paved way for a demilitarize border zone and free movement between the two countries and described it as violation of the agreement which require the negotiation team and mediation partners on both sides to investigate the present of SAF in the areas.

Establishing a demilitarized zone along the border has been a major point of disagreement for the neighboring countries. Both countries have last month promised to pull out their soldiers back 10 kilometers from each border.

Sudan’s army had last week confirmed it attacked an area near the South Sudanese border where Darfur rebels had set up a compound, but South Sudan said bombs landed on its territory, killing five people.

The incident adds to growing concern over delays in implementing security and oil deals which the leaders of Sudan and South Sudan hailed in September as ending conflict, after they fought along their undemarcated border in March and April.

The Justice and Equality Movement (JEM) rebels accused the government of bombing around the disputed border region, after the army had threatened to use force.

Sudan and South Sudan dispute the area, which Sudan considers to be part of East Darfur state.

The Sudanese Revolutionary Front is an alliance of rebel groups from different Sudanese states. It says it is fighting to overthrow the Arab-dominated Khartoum regime.

The Samaha region is one of five areas disputed by Khartoum and the South’s government in Juba.

They have not been able to resolve the disagreement despite African Union (AU) mediation which led to the September deals that included a demilitarised border buffer zone designed to cut support for insurgencies in Sudan.

Sudan has long accused South Sudan of working with the JEM, a charge denied by the South. But suspected JEM fighters were seen alongside South Sudanese troops during border fighting between Sudan and South Sudan in April.

The two nations have not been able to agree on practical steps to implement the September pacts, the AU said on November 10, urging “full and timely implementation”.

Khartoum accuses South Sudan of backing those rebels in South Kordofan and Blue Nile states.

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