UN Disputes South Sudan’s Official End Of Famine

A new Integrated Food Security Phase Classification (IPC) released in June by UNICEF South Sudan Humanitarian Situation Report indicates that while the famine is officially over in Unity State, food security in South Sudan has however, deteriorated further across the country.

TORIT, 05 July 2017 [Gurtong] – An estimated 6 million people (50 per cent of South Sudan’s population) are estimated to be severely food insecure. This is the largest number of people ever to experience severe food insecurity (IPC Phases 3, 4 and 5) in South Sudan.

According to the latest released report, the impacts from armed conflict, economic crisis, and below-average harvests that were exhausted well before the on-going lean season have been identified as the main reasons for the high levels of food insecurity.

Famine is no longer occurring in Leer and Mayendit Counties, and further deterioration was prevented in Koch and Panyijar Counties of Unity State as a result of immediate and sustained multi-sector humanitarian assistance delivered to affected population since March 2017.

The early detection of the deterioration of the food security situation into famine followed by the large-scale immediate response averted further loss of life.

However, the report said, between June and July 2017, approximately 45,000 people will still be facing Humanitarian Catastrophe in Leer, Koch, Mayendit in former Unity State and Ayod County in former Jonglei State while an estimated 1.7 million people are likely to be facing severe food security (IPC Phase 4 – one-step below Famine).

The number of reported cholera cases continues to increase. The total number of cases reported so far in 2017 has reached 6,870, with 174 deaths (CFR 2.6 per cent). Meanwhile, the cumulative number of cases since the onset of the outbreak in June 2016 has reached 10,832, with 251 deaths (CFR 2.3 per cent).

Children and teenagers constitute about 51 per cent of the cases. New cases have recently been recorded in Juba, with the risk of transmission high due to the urban environment and the current limited operation of the urban water system for lack of fuel. In 2017, 665 measles cases and three deaths have been reported, at a CFR of 0.45 per cent.

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