A special court has been formed to hear the day-to-day proceedings against the marines. The special court will only handle the case against the marines. Meanwhile, the Italian government has warned that the Italian marines would not face death sentence, which is a mandatory punishment if a person is convicted under the Suppression of Unlawful Acts against Safety of Maritime Navigation and Fixed Platforms on Continental Shelf Act (SUA), 2002.
The Italian government has argued that if convicted under a severe law called upon by the NIA, its two naval officers could face the death sentence, which would violate an assurance given by India. The case was initially tried in Kerala but the Italians contested the jurisdiction of Indian courts, claiming the incident occurred in international waters.